………….And this is news…?????
The insecurity of a woman making more than her husband could drive a man to problems in the bedroom and his overall health, a new study has found.
The research, from Washington University in St Louis’ Olin Business School, found that men are more likely to experience problems with erectile dysfunction and other forms of mental and physical anguish as a result of his female counterpart being the primary breadwinner.
The study, called ‘In Sickness and In Wealth,’ examines the issues that arise in relationships using prescription drug and financial data from Denmark.
Olin Business School professor Lamar Pierce and Michael S. Dahl of Aalborg University in Denmark write: ‘Male sexual desire and behavior is tied to cultural and social factors such as patriarchy and money, potentially causing men to suffer reduced sexual desire or dysfunction when perceiving their traditional role of provider to be usurped.
‘In fact, the medical literature has shown that anger and frustration can lead to serious
sexual problems such as erectile dysfunction (ED), a problem also linked to unemployment and decreasing household income.’
Additionally, Pierce told NBC News: ‘There is a powerful social norm for many men that it’s important to make more than their wives and, essentially, when that social norm is violated, what this does is make them feel emasculated.’
And men do not usually suffer alone, as research found that the female breadwinner also has problems with insomnia and anxiety.
Men in such a relationship have also been found to be more likely to cheat in an effort to regain their bedroom mojo.
A 2010 paper written by Cornell University sociology researcher Christin Munsch found that stay-at-home dads and men who are not the breadwinner of the family will often turn to infidelity.
That study found the complete opposite to be true for women who make less than their husbands or long-term boyfriends.
More American women than ever are now the sole or primary moneymakers, a sign of the rising influence of working mothers.
Moms now keep finances afloat in 40 per cent of households with children, up from just 11 per cent in 1960.
While most of these families are headed by single mothers, a growing number are married mothers who bring in more income than their husbands, according to a study released on Wednesday by the Pew Research Center.
As the numbers have shifted, however, public attitudes have remained mixed regarding the impact of working mothers on families. People are not at all sure that it’s a good thing.
Demographers say the change is all but irreversible and is likely to bring added attention to child-care policies as well as government safety nets for vulnerable families.
‘This change is just another milestone in the dramatic transformation we have seen in family structure and family dynamics over the past 50 years or so,’ said Kim Parker, associate director with the Pew Social & Demographic Trends Project.
‘Women’s roles have changed, marriage rates have declined – the family looks a lot different than it used to. The rise of breadwinner moms highlights the fact that, not only are more mothers balancing work and family these days, but the economic contributions mothers are making to their households have grown immensely.’
The trend is being driven mostly by long-term demographic changes, including higher rates of education and labor force participation dating back to the 1960s women’s movement.
Today, women are more likely than men to hold bachelor’s degrees, and they make up nearly half – 47 per cent – of the American workforce.
But recent changes in the economy, too, have played a part.
Big job losses in manufacturing and construction, fields that used to provide high pay to a mostly male workforce, have lifted the relative earnings of married women, even among those in mid-level positions such as teachers, nurses or administrators.
The jump in working women has been especially prominent among those who are mothers – from 37 per cent in 1968 to 65 per cent in 2011 – reflecting in part increases for those who went looking for jobs to lift sagging family income after the recent recession.
At the same time, marriage rates have fallen to record lows. Forty per cent of births now occur out of wedlock, leading to a rise in single-mother households.
Many of these mothers are low-income with low education, and more likely to be black or Hispanic.
In all, 13.7 million U.S. households with children under age 18 now include mothers who are the main breadwinners.
Of those, 5.1 million, or 37 per cent, are married, while 8.6 million, or 63 percent are single.
The income gap between the families is large – $80,000 in median family income for married couples vs. $23,000 for single mothers.
Both groups of breadwinner moms – married and unmarried – have grown sharply.
Among all U.S. households with children, the share of married breadwinner moms has jumped from 4 per cent in 1960 to 15 per cent in 2011.
For single mothers, the share has increased from 7 per cent to 25 per cent.
How does the general public feel about that?
While roughly 79 per cent of Americans reject the notion that women should return to their traditional roles, only 21 per cent of those polled said the trend of more mothers of young children working outside the home is a good thing for society, according to the Pew survey.
Roughly 3 in 4 adults said the increasing number of women working for pay has made it harder for parents to raise children.
Andrew Cherlin, a professor of sociology and public policy at Johns Hopkins University, said that to his surprise public attitudes toward working mothers have changed very little over the years.
He predicts the growing numbers will lead to a growing constituency among women in favor of family-friendly work policies such as paid family leave, as well as safety net policies such as food stamps or child care support for single mothers.
‘Many of our workplaces and schools still follow a male-breadwinner model, assuming that the wives are at home to take care of child care needs,’ he said.
‘Until we realize that the breadwinner-homemaker marriage will never again be the norm, we won’t provide working parents with the support they need.’